A patent is a set of exclusive rights, granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention. A patent provides protection for the owner, which gives him/her the right to exclude others from making, using, exercising, disposing of the invention, offering to dispose, or importing the invention.
What can be patented?
A patent may, subject to the provisions of this section, be granted for any new invention which involves an inventive step, and which is capable of being used or applied in trade and industry or agriculture. These include inventions such as appliances, mechanical devices etc.
The Patent Act defines the scope of patentable inventions in negative, by specifying what cannot be patented, which includes:
Registering a patent
According to South Africa’s Patent Act, a register must be kept at the patent office, in which the classification of patents must be done according to subject-matter. In this register, the names and addresses of the following persons must be stated:
Copies of all deeds, agreements, licences and other documents that may affect a patent or the application thereof, must also be recorded in the register.
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